Palestinians and Muslims Claim to Jerusalem

Palestinians argue that they have an inherent right of return to the land which they or their ancestors had owned or resided in previous to the establishment of the state of Israel. Zionists claim that there never was a Palestine, it has been Jewish land for the past 3000 years and Jerusalem has never been the capital of any Arab or Muslim entity.


Related posts: Why do Muslims Pray With Their Backs to Jerusalem if it’s Muslims Land? and Jerusalem Not Mentioned in the Qur’an?

Included in this post are passages from the Bible.

The Islamic belief is that Islam is the preserved pure religion of all the prophets sent by God. Islam means the complete submission and obedience to God. All prophets were indeed Muslims because they were true submitters to the will of God. Therefore, the only true religion is Islam, and mankind was of one religion until deviation [2:131-133].

The Qur’an is the last scripture revealed by God, confirming what little truth remains in parts of previous scriptures by correcting fabrications and additions which have crept into current day versions of such scriptures.

God leased the land now known as Palestine to the Hebrews under the condition that they will keep the laws of God [Leviticus, 25:23, 20:22]. supported by the Qur’an:

And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except Allah ; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah.” [2:83, 5;12]

They didn’t keep God’s laws and murdered and revolted against Prophets [2 Chronicles, 36:16] and [Matt, 23:29-32]. Supported by the Qur’an:

“And [We cursed them] for their breaking of the covenant and their disbelief in the signs of Allah and their killing of the prophets without right and their saying, “Our hearts are wrapped.” Rather, Allah has sealed them because of their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.” [4:155]

The Biblical and Qur’anic explanation is clear, the land was given conditionally to the Children of Israel:

“The righteous will inherit the land and dwell in it forever.” [Psalm, 37:29], “But the meek will inherit the land and enjoy peace and prosperity.” [Psalm, 37:11], “Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.” [Matthew, 5:5]

Supported by the Qur’an:

“And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the land [of Paradise] is inherited by My righteous servants.” [21:105]

The conditions of inheritance were faith in God, submission to him (i.e., as Muslims) and righteous conduct.

The Covenant between God and the Patriarch Abraham :

“And [mention, O Muhammad], when Abraham was tried by his Lord with commands and he fulfilled them. [Allah] said, “Indeed, I will make you a leader for the people.” [Abraham] said, “And of my descendants?” [Allah] said, “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers.” [2:124] [2:128]

“And I will establish my covenant between me and thee (Abraham) and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.” [Genesis, 17:7]

“Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make [you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.” [Genesis, 17:3-6]

Covenant fulfillment with Abraham by Muslims: [2:143]

God’s covenant was given to Abraham and to all his descendants. Abraham is ‘the father of many nations’, not only one nation, as can be seen. In the Bible, deliberate effort appears to have been made to exclude Ishmael pbuh, but he is still found to be addressed by God as seed of Abraham [Genesis: 21:12-13].

The Torah falsely proclaims that the Holy Land was given to the seed of Abraham through Isaac, and Ishmael being falsely excluded as a legitimate seed. The Israelites (before prophet Muhammad) rewrote the Torah to exclude him from God’s covenant so that they could claim exclusive title to being the ‘chosen people’ of God, and that the Israelite claim to the title deed of the Holy Land remains valid regardless of whether or not they are righteous in conduct. [Deuteronomy, 9:6]

The Qur’an corrected the falsehood about Ishmael (as):

“Also mention in the Book (the story of) Ishmael: He was (strictly) true to whatever he promised and he was an Apostle (and) a Prophet. He used to enjoin on his people prayer and charity and he was most acceptable in the sight of his Lord.” [19:54-55]

It also corrected the falsehood concerning the alleged unconditional grant of the Holy Land to the Israelite people [21:105]. 

So we come to the conclusion that the following is false:

“Every spot on which your foot treads shall be yours.” [Deuteronomy, 11:24]

“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abraham, saying: “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates.” [Genesis, 15:18]

“Know therefore that it is not for thy righteousness that the Lord thy God giveth thee this good land to possess it; for thou art a stiff-necked people.” [Deuteronomy, 9:6]

“And Abraham said to God, “Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!” Then God said: “No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time next year.” [Genesis 17:18-21]

They are false as they exclude righteousness and faith as conditions for inheritance of the Holy Land.

We can now understand the connection between distortions in a corrupted Torah and Israel’s ever expanding territorial frontiers. Is there other evidence to suggest a distorted Torah?

The Qur’an warns that previous scriptures were changed by corrupt men. Allah accused the Israelites of having corrupted the text of the Torah by rewriting it with their own hands.

The Jews argue that they are the people to whom God gave Palestine as an everlasting possession, that is because they claim to be the Children of Abraham through Isaac, but they ignore Ishmael and his descendents (the Arabs). They deny the right of Ishmael saying that he was the son of a slave woman Hagar, whereas Isaac was the son of a free woman, Sarah.

Many Christians and Jews mistakenly believe that Abraham’s descendants through Ishmael were excluded from God’s covenant with Abraham because Ishmael’s mother, Hagar, was not a legitimate wife of Abraham, thus, her son Ishmael was not a legitimate son.

They conclude that Ishmael (a.s) and his descendants were not included in God’s covenant and that this covenant was exclusive to Abraham’s second son, Isaac, the father of the Jews.

The above claim of Judaism is deliberately aimed at denying their Arab brethren any right to the land of their birth. The Torah itself clearly states that the firstborn should get double portion of his father’s share, even when his mother has a lower status. [Deuteronomy, 21: 15-17]

The mother of Abraham’s son Ishmael was Hagar the Egyptian, who had received a covenant promise [Genesis 16:1-15].Those descendants were Arabs, settling in Arab territory. [Genesis, 25:13-18]

They blatantly refuse to honor this law in the Torah [Deuteronomy, 21:15-17]. It is obvious here that the status of the mother of the firstborn does not in any way disqualify him from inheriting his rights (which is the double of what the other son gets, according to this provision) from his father. But the Jews sideline this simple rule of the Torah just to deny the Palestinians the right to the land which God gave them as well as to their brethren, the Jews.

It now becomes evident that someone decided that they did not want the Arab descendants of Ishmael to be included in God’s covenant with Abraham. They wanted it exclusive to the Israelite branch. Therefore, the Torah was rewritten in order to show that God’s intent was that his covenant be with the Jews only.

Now that we see that the original covenant of God was with all of the children of Abraham pbuh without exception, let’s look at the Israelites loss of their inheritance to the Holy Land.

2000 years ago when Allah kept his promise, he sent Jesus pbuh to the children of Israel. According to the Bible, Jesus claimed to be the expected Messiah of the Jews [John, 4:25-26, Matthew, 10:5-6, Acts, 11:19].

Supported by the Qur’an:

“And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous. [5:46-47]

Some Jews accepted him and believed in him but most of them rejected him. They still continue to reject him as the Messiah to this day. [2:87]

After their rejection of Jesus pbuh, they had tried to crucify him. Thus, the Israelites went against the conditions of inheritance of the Holy Land after having rejected and boasting (at that time) of killing him [Matthew 23:37, Isaiah, 43:28, 1 Thessalonians, 2:15, Matthew, 23:29-32].

Supported by the Qur’an:

“And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .”…[4 :157]

Allah then permanently expelled them from the Holy Land. The Qur’an then revealed the destiny of Jerusalem and the Jews as follows:

“And we divided them throughout the earth into nations. Of them some were righteous, and of them some were otherwise. And we tested them with good [times] and bad that perhaps they would return [to obedience].” [7:168]

The scattered Jewish diaspora which lasted for some 2000 years was meant to function as a sign to the Jews of divine anger and punishment, and many Jews recognised it as such.

Two thousand years ago the Holy State of Israel, created by the Prophets David and Solomon pbut, was founded on Godliness, truth and justice and was destroyed by divine decree:

And Samuel said to him, “The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you.” [1Samuel 15:28] and [Joshua 13:1-7] And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of the Philistines and into the hand of the Ammonites.” [Jos, 10:77

Israel Given to the Phillistines:

Jesus said, “Therefore, I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation producing the fruits of it.” [Matthew, 21:43]

Israel Sold To the Philistines:

“And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of the Philistines and into the hand of the Ammonites.” [Judges 10:7]

“And the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.” [Judges, 2:14]

The Qur’an explains that the city was destroyed:

And there is prohibition upon [the people of] a city which We have destroyed… [21:95].

The Jews are forbidden from possessing the land:

“Through your own fault you will lose the inheritance I gave you. I will enslave you to your enemies in a land you do not know, for you have kindled my anger, and it will burn forever.” [Jeremiah 17:4]

After expelling the Jews, Allah placed a ban prohibiting their return to the land (in order to reclaim it). Even after He expelled them and then banned their return to reclaim it, Allah declared that it was still possible for them to earn forgiveness:

[Then Allah said], “It is expected, [if you repent], that your Lord will have mercy upon you. But if you return [to sin], we will return [to punishment]. And we have made Hell, for the disbelievers, a prison-bed.” [17:8]

Allah gave them a period of time during which he was prepared to forgive them if they mended their ways and returned to the religion of Abraham, but there was only one door through which that forgiveness could be obtained. The Qur’an addressed to the Jews who had already received both the Torah and the Injil (Gospel), and informed them of the path to forgiveness.

Allah promised each of his prophets that a last prophet would come with a great final law. In some scriptures (e.g., the Torah), this is referred to as ‘the promise’. That promise refers to Islam:

“And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad*.” [61:6] *Prophet Muhammad’s prophetic name

“Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.” [7:157]

Thus in accepting, believing in and following the last Prophet, forgiveness could be earned. Despite the precise Torah description of its prophet, 17 months after Muhammad pbuh had lived in Madina amongst the Jews, it had become quite clear that they rejected him and the Qur’an as the word of Allah (see post here) [2:91] So the Qur’an then explains that their hearts have turned into stone and will never believe in the Qur’an [2:76]. 

It was at this time, after their rejection of Muhammad as a Prophet and conspiring to destroy the unity and power of the community of Muslims, that Allah ordered the Prophet to turn away from Jerusalem in prayer and turn to Mecca instead (change of Qibla).

And so, the God of Abraham caused Muslims to inherit the land some 600 years after the last expulsion of the Jews:

“And it is He who has made you (Muslims) successors upon the earth (the Holy land) and has raised some of you above others in degrees [of rank] that He may try you through what He has given you. Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.” [6:165]

Explanation of 17:104 here, when God will bring the Jews back in the Last Age.

It is those who faithfully follow prophet Muhammad pbuh who have the right to inherit the Holy Land. Muslims did take control, and continued to rule over it (apart from a brief period) for more than 1200 years.

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