Who Wrote the Qur’an?

One of the claims frequently made by anti-Muslim websites is that Muslims have been deceived into worshipping Satan. These sites, such as The Religion of Peace, have been developed by Zionist Jews who are intentionally spreading wrong information about the Qur’an, ahadith and Islam. This coincides with my post: Does the Qur’an Admit Allah is Satan?

I have already shared with my readers, the dangers posed by translations of the Qur’an to other languages. Always check the source of any Islamic website even if it is very convincing. 

We can divide the groups of opinions on the Qur’an into three groups:

  • Those who say that Muhammad pbuh wrote the Qur’an
  • Those who say that the Qur’an was written by someone else and taught to Muhammad pbuh (for example, Satan)
  • Those who believe that the Qur’an is the true and pure word of God

I will attempt to deal with each of these three points. To debate these issues from other sources (Bible) is a separate discussion that has no place here.

Allah swt created man for a purpose: … I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship me. [Qur’an, 51:56] and lead a righteous life based on his commands and guidance to mankind.

Mankind learned this by Allah swt sending Messengers with clear and practical instructions of the meaning of life and how to worhip God properly: “O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than him.” [Qur’an, 7:65]

Allah swt sent a Prophet and/or Messenger to every nation throughout the history of
mankind: And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah (alone) and avoid Taghut (false deities).” [Qur’an, 16:36]

Allah swt also revealed to these Prophets and Messengers knowledge about what will happen after death and the rewards and punishments for one’s actions.

Prophet Muhammad was certainly sent to all humanity. This is stated in the Qur’an: “Say, [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all… [Qur’an, 7:158“And We have not sent you except comprehensively to mankind as a bringer of good tidings and a warner. But most of the people do not know. ” [Qur’an, 34:28] [See the Jews rejection of Prophet Muhammad pbuh and the Qur’an as the word of Allah]

First Claim: Muhammad pbuh wrote the Qur’an.

Those who claim that the Qur’an was written by Muhammad pbuh for material gain and power. Firstly, the claim that Muhammad pbuh wrote the Qur’an is not new. His own people made this claim. In response, to this claim, Allah swt revealed the following:

And when Our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, those who do not expect the meeting with Us say, “Bring us a Qur’an other than this or change it.” Say, [O Muhammad], “It is not for me to change it on my own accord. I only follow what is revealed to me. Indeed I fear, if I should disobey my Lord, the punishment of a tremendous Day.” Say, “If Allah had willed, I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you, for I had remained among you a lifetime before it. Then will you not reason?” [Qur’an, 10:15-16]

This verse is telling his critics to reflect on the fact that Muhammad pbuh lived amongst them for forty years before reciting the Qur’an to them while never showing any signs of inclination to poetry and themselves knowing that he was illiterate.

The first problem with this argument is that Muhammad pbuh was an illiterate and could not copy what he could not read: And you did not recite before it any scripture,  nor did you inscribe one with your right hand. [Qur’an, 29:48]

Allah swt says in verse 29:51 that the Qur’an itself is the miracle of the prophet, for a book of such literary quality was sent down through an illiterate man: Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet… [Qur’an, 7:157]

This argument was answered over one thousand four hundred years ago, by the Qur’an itself, yet these critics are still unable to provide any new evidence for their erroneous
claims.

Please keep in mind that it was known that he was illiterate and that there is also no record of the pagan Arabs in Mecca accusing Muhammad pbuh of not being illiterate.
Had he not been illiterate, as the Qur’an itself stated, would this have not been easy to
prove during Muhammad’s lifetime by his enemies who were eager to discredit him?

Some claim that Muhammad pbuh wrote the Qur’an for some type of material gain and power. However, this claim is at odds with the historical evidence. When Muhammad pbuh became a prophet, he didn’t gain materially but rather he lived a very simple life.

After his claim to Prophethood, his standard of living declined dramatically. Muhammad’s pbuh wives complained about their living conditions and wondered why they had to continue to live so poorly when there was (seemingly) no need. A revelation then came from Allah stating:

Prophet, say to your wives, “If you should desire the worldly life and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and give you a gracious release (i.e., divorce). But if you should desire Allah and His Messenger and the home of the Hereafter – then indeed, Allah has prepared for the doers of good among you a great reward (i.e., heaven).”

The most significant refutation to this claim, is the following story when the Chiefs of Makkah came to him trying to get him to stop preaching his message:

“Muhammad, You are, as you know a noble from your tribe and your lineage assures you a place of honor. And now you have brought to your people a matter of grave concern, whereby you have split their community, declared their way of life to be foolish, spoken shamefully of their gods and religion and called their forefathers disbelievers. Listen to what I propose and see if any of it is acceptable to you. If it is wealth that you seek, we will gather our wealth and make you the richest amongst us. If you seek honor, we will make you our overlord and we will make no decision without your consent. If you seek Kingship, then we will make you our King. And if you can not get rid of this demon that appears to you, we will find you a physician and spend all our money until you are cured.” Life Of The Prophet, Muhammad, Ibn Hisham

When he finished, Muhammad pbuh had received the following revelation:

Ha, Meem. [This is] a revelation from the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful – A Book whose verses have been detailed, an Arabic Qur’an for a people who know, As a giver of good tidings and a warner; but most of them turn away, so they do not hear. And they say, “Our hearts are within coverings from that to which you invite us, and in our ears is deafness, and between us and you is a partition, so work; indeed, we are working.” Say, O [Muhammad], “I am only a man like you to whom it has been revealed that your god is but one God; so take a straight course to Him and seek His forgiveness.” And woe to those who associate others with Allah – Those who do not give zakah, and in the Hereafter they are disbelievers. Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds – for them is a reward uninterrupted. [Qur’an, 41:1-8]

Hadiths that show the poverty of Muhammad pbuh:

Simak b. Barb reported: I heard Nu’man deliver an address in which he said that (Hadrat) Umar made a mention of what had fallen to the lot of people out of the material world and he said: I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) spend the whole day being upset because of hunger and he could not get even an interior quality of dates with which he could fill his belly. [Sahih Muslim Book #042, Hadith #7101]

Narrated ‘Aisha: The family of Muhammad had not eaten wheat bread to their satisfaction for three consecutive days since his arrival at Medina till he died. [Sahih Bukhari,  Book #70, hadith #327]

This proves that Muhammad pbuh, was not not after material gain or power. Some people also claim that he did not write the Qur’an, but actually learned it from someone else, for example, Satan. Let us examine these claims separately:

First, the Qur’an clearly proves that this allegation is false, that Allah swt isn’t Satan (Lucifer): “O mankind,… so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the deceiver (i.e., Satan).” [Qur’an, 31:33 

Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worship Satan – [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy – And that you worship [only] Me? This is a straight path. And he had already led astray from among you much of creation, so did you not use reason? [Qur’an, 36:60 – 62]

Satan has overcome them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah. Those are the party of Satan. Unquestionably, the party of Satan – they will be the losers. [Qur’an, 58:19]

[Iblees] said, “My Lord, because you have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all. Except, among them, Your chosen (guided) servants.” [Qur’an, 15:39-40]

Allah swt has warned us in the Qur’an:

“O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you…” [Qur’an, 7:27] “. . . and follow not the footsteps of Satan. Surely he is to you an open enemy” [Qur’an, 6:142]

“Indeed, Satan is an enemy to you, so take  him as an enemy. He only invites his followers that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire” [Qur’an, 35:6]

“And if an evil whisper from Satan tries to turn you away (O Muhammad) (from doing good), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All Hearer, the All Knower” [Qur’an, 41:36]

That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers. [Qur’an, 3:175]

The Qur’an clearly proves that Allah swt and Satan are separate identities.  The authorship lies in the Qur’an itself: “Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed…” [Qur’an, 53:2-4] “The revelation of the Qur’an is from Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [Qur’an, 39:1]

The Qur’an itself answers the claim that someone was teaching Muhammad pbuh, and at the same time, points to the fact that the Arabic used in the Qur’an is pure: And We certainly know that they (the disbelievers) say, “It is only a human being who teaches the prophet.” The tongue of the one they refer to is foreign, and this Qur’an is [in] a clear Arabic language. [Qur’an, 16:103]

Even if someone wanted to claim that it was someone other than Muhammad pbuh, then we repeat the challenge of the Qur’an: Say: “Produce your proof, if you should be truthful.” [Qur’an 2:111]

Third Claim: The Qur’an is the pure word of God

First of all, the Qur’an in several places challenges mankind by saying: Say: “If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants.” [Qur’an 17:88]

And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down (I.e., the Qur’an) upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a surah (chapter) the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful. [Qur’an, 2:23

And it was not [possible] for this Qur’an to be produced by other than Allah, but [it is] a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of the [former] Scripture, about which there is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds. Or do they say [about the Prophet], “He invented it?” Say, “Then bring forth a surah like it and call upon [for assistance] whomever you can besides Allah, if you should be truthful.” [Qur’an, 10:37-38

Or do they say, “He invented it”? Say, “Then bring ten surahs like it that have been invented and call upon [for assistance] whomever you can besides Allah, if you should be truthful.” [Qur’an, 11:13

The Qur’an declares that it is the revealed word of the one true God, that is absolutely authentic and uncorrupted: “But this is an honoured Qur’an, [Inscribed] in a Preserved Slate. [Qur’an, 85:21-22] Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an, In a Register well-protected. [Qur’an, 56:77-78]

Falsehood (i.e., to corrupt its text) cannot approach it from before it or from behind it; [it is] a revelation from a [Lord who is] Wise and Praiseworthy. [Qur’an, 41:42]

[All] praise is [due] to Allah, who has sent down upon His Servant the Book and has not made therein any deviance (i.e., and will not allow any corruption of
the text).” [Qur’an, 18:1
Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian (i.e., and will not allow any corruption of the text).” [Qur’an, 15:9]

The logical conclusion we have established is that the Qur’an could not have been written by Muhammad pbuh for material gain and power, nor did he learn it from Satan.

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