One of the mistakes made by some of those who investigate Islam is to refer to sources that are not authentic or written by those who have ulterior motives.
The reason for the differences between the Bible and Qur’an, from the view of Islam, is that the original Torah and Gospel was meant as a guide for the Children of Israel only.
The rulings of the Torah and Gospel were limited in terms of time and all of that came to an end at the appointed time with the coming of Prophet Muhammad pbuh.
A covenant had been taken from the Prophets who came before him that if he was sent when any of them were still alive, then they would abandon whatever they have and follow him:
And [recall, O People of the Scripture], when Allah took the covenant of the prophets, [saying], “Whatever I give you of the Scripture and wisdom and then there comes to you a messenger confirming what is with you, you [must] believe in him and support him.” [Allah] said, “Have you acknowledged and taken upon that My commitment?” They said, “We have acknowledged it.” He said, “Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.”And whoever turned away after that – they were the defiantly disobedient. [Qur’an, 3:81-82]
Now let’s examine some of the verses David Wood cites from the Qur’an:
“He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. Before, as guidance for the people. And He revealed the Qur’an. Indeed, those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah will have a severe punishment…” [Qur’an, 3:3-4]
The Qur’an was not intended to discredit past holy scriptures but to confirm them, yet warn some have been changed by corrupt men.
A Muslim has to believe in all the divine revelations sent by Allah.
“…Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel… [Qur’an, 7:157]
Allah promised each of his prophets that a last prophet would come with a great final law. In some scriptures (e.g., the Torah), this is referred to as ‘the promise’. That promise refers to Islam:
“And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad*…..” [Qur’an, 61:6]
*Prophet Muhammad’s prophetic name
In my post on Muslims claim to Jerusalem, I explained how the Israelites were permanently expelled from the Holy land after they had rejected Jesus (Isa) pbuh as their Messiah, and had boasted of crucifying him. Even though Allah had expelled them and banned their return (to reclaim it), the Qur’an declared that it was still possible for them to earn forgiveness.
Allah gave them a period of time during which he was prepared to forgive them if they mended their ways, and returned to the religion of Abraham, but there was only one door through which that forgiveness could be obtained.
The Qur’an addressed the Jews who had already received both the Torah and the Injil (Gospel), and informed them of the path to forgiveness:
Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel. [Qur’an, 7:157]
Thus in accepting, believing, and following the last Prophet (that was to come), forgiveness could be earned.
Secondly, the Qur’an confirms what was corrupted in previous scriptures. The Torah as it exists today is not that which Allah sent down to Moses pbuh. Rather it has been distorted, adding, subtracting and changing the meanings. You can see my posts here, and here, that explains some parts of what was corrupted.
Muhammad pbuh is the final Prophet and Messenger of Allah, and no true Prophet can come after him:
Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and the last of the prophets. [Qur’an, 33:40]
Prophet Muhammad pbuh was sent to all of mankind: Say, [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all [7:158] And We have not sent you except comprehensively to mankind as a bringer of good tidings and a warner. But most of the people do not know. [34:28]
David quotes another verse (my comments in brackets):
[Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters. And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing. [Qur’an, 6:114-115]
Here, David is implying that the previous scriptures revealed were not corrupted because none can alter Allah’s words.
Allah didn’t protect the previous scriptures from corruption because they were only given to a specific nation, for a specific time, so they were entrusted with the rabbis and scholars.
Whereas the Qur’an has been sent to all of mankind until the day of resurrection, and Allah has promised to protect it from corruption.
All those versed in the Scriptures, and possessing true understanding of the mission of the Prophets will confirm that everything in the Qur’an is true, and in fact constitutes that eternal truth which cannot suffer any change or modification.
The Qur’an accused the Jews of having corrupted the text of the Torah through rewriting it with their own hands:
“But do they not know that Allah knows what they conceal and what they declare? And among them are unlettered ones who do not know the scripture except in wishful thinking, but they’re only assuming. So woe to those who write the “scripture” with their own hands, then say, “This is from Allah,” in order to exchange it for a small price. Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn.” [2:77-79]
Even though they rewrote the scripture with their own hands, it didn’t prevent a promise from being fulfilled as no one can change God’s words since they are on a preserved tablet with Him.
David Wood claims the Torah is still authoritative to Jews (and not the Qur’an):
But how is it that they come to you for judgement while they have the Torah, in which is the judgement of Allah? Then they turn away, [even] after that; but those are not [in fact] believers. [Qur’an, 5:43]
This verse chastises a group of Jews for their false ideas and deviant desires to abandon what they believed was true in their book, and which they claimed was their eternal law that they were always commanded to adhere to.
They did not adhere to the Torah, but they preferred other laws over it. They came to the Prophet for judgement regarding a certain matter, although they believed that these other laws were not correct and did not apply to them (i.e., Qur’an).
Allah is simply making the point that if they were genuinely sincere in coming to the Prophet to follow God’s rules, then why did they ignore the Torah which contained Allah’s commands in their minds, yet they ignored it?
If they truly believed, what did that show about their sincerity in coming to the Prophet – was it to follow Allah? That verses connection with the Torah is to expose their insincirity when they approached the Prophet. The previous verses make this point very clear:
O Messenger, let them not grieve you who hasten into disbelief of those who say, “We believe” with their mouths, but their hearts believe not, and from among the Jews. [They are] avid listeners to falsehood, listening to another people who have not come to you. They distort words beyond their [proper] usages… [They are] avid listeners to falsehood, devourers of [what is] unlawful. So if they come to you, [O Muhammad], judge between them or turn away from them. And if you turn away from them – never will they harm you at all. And if you judge, judge between them with justice. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. [Qur’an, 5:41-42]
Again, the Qur’an declares that it is the final law for all of mankind: And We have certainly diversified in this Qur’an for the people from every [kind of] example; but man has ever been, most of anything, [prone to] dispute. [Qur’an, 18:54]
The Qur’an also makes it quite clear that it is meant as a guide for the Children of Israel as well: Indeed, this Qur’an relates to the Children of Israel most of that over which they disagree. [Qur’an, 27:76]
We learn this from the verses before it. “O you who were given the Scripture (i.e the Jews), believe in what we have sent down [to Muhammad], confirming that which is with you, before we obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs or curse them as we cursed the sabbath-breakers. And ever is the decree of Allah accomplished.” [Qur’an, 4:47]
Say, “O People of the Scripture, you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief. So do not grieve over the disbelieving people. [Qur’an, 5:68]
The Qur’an declares: “whoever does not judge by what Allah revealed, then those are the defiantly disobedient.” [Qur’an, 5:47] It is a general statement that one must judge by all revelation sent down by Allah, including the Qur’an. This means that they must judge by the Qur’an since this is the only way to really judge by the Torah and Gospel, for those original revelations taught the coming of Prophet Muhammad pbuh according to Islam. This illustrates that the Qu’ran is to be followed by everyone including Christians and Jews.
David Wood again suggests that prophet Muhammad pbuh is to judge by the Torah and Gospel, as he had doubts about his revelations:
So if you are in doubt, [O Muhammad], about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you. The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so never be among the doubters. [Qur’an, 10:94]
However, here we clearly see that Muhammad pbuh and the believers had believed (not doubted) in what has been revealed to them from Allah:
I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an…” [Qur’an, 42:15]
The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.” [Qur’an, 2:285]
David Wood’s misleading interpretations are quite clear. The Qur’an explicitly declares that it is authoritative to all of mankind, including Christians and Jews. It has invalidated all the rules of the divinely revealed books. In other words, it has abrogated some of them and recollected others within itself. Today, all people have to obey the Qur’an. It also warns that previous (original) scriptures were corrupted.