Why Muslims Don’t Believe in the Bible

The Qur’an teaches that the Christian and Jewish scriptures of today are corrupt. When the Qur’an talks about the Torah and Gospel, it is about the original revelations sent to Moses and Jesus peace be upon them. The Qur’an restricts itself to making mention of corruption to only those previous scriptures that were revealed to the Israelite people, i.e., the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel.

Whenever a Christian or Jew finds a contradiction between the Qur’an and their scripture, they should carefully study them in order to locate the truth. There are only two ways readers can respond to the claim of the Qur’an that it is the Word of God. They either accept or reject it.

Most of these arguments have already been addressed by Muslims on numerous websites, some, albeit poorly. However, each of their arguments can be presented slightly or entirely different. But as you will see, there is no Qur’an contradiction or confusion, as claimed by Sam Shamoun in his article: Qur’an Incoherence and Contradiction: Is Satan an Angel or a Jinn? Analyzing the Quran’s Confusing Statements.

A belief among mainstream Christianity that Islam claims is false is the belief that Satan is a fallen angel who rebelled against God. Satan is not an (fallen) angel in Islam.

Allah revealed that He ordered the Angels to bow down and prostrate themselves before Adam and then proceeded to inform us that they all did except Iblees (Satan):

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers. [Qur’an, 2:34]

If this verse of the Qur’an was to be studied by itself in isolation, the conclusion would be that Satan was an Angel. Indeed, those who came to that conclusion still hold the view to this day, that he is a fallen angel since he disobeyed Allah’s command.

Allah taught a very important lesson in methodology of the study of the Qur’an. It was precisely this reason the sentence was constructed in the way that it was. When we study the rest of the Qur’an, we find that angels cannot disobey. They must do whatever they are ordered to do:

O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded. [Qur’an, 66:6]

The angels are noble and dutiful:

No! Indeed, these verses are a reminder; So whoever wills may remember it. [It is recorded] in honored sheets, Exalted and purified,[Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels, Noble and dutiful. [Qur’an, 80:11-16]

Aisha (ra) narrates that the prophet pbuh said, “Such a person as recites the Qur’an and masters it by heart, will be with the noble righteous scribes (i.e., the angels in heaven). And such a person exerts himself to learn the Qur’an by heart, and recites it with great difficulty, will have a double reward.” [Bukhari]

They were created to worship Allah and never tire of their worship: They exalt [Him] night and day [and] do not slacken. [Qur’an, 21:20

Since angels cannot, and do not disobey Allah and Satan disobeyed Him, the implication is that Satan could not have been an angel. Had he been an angel he would have had no choice in the matter. He would have had to obey the command to prostrate before Adam. The fact that he disobeyed very clearly indicates the presence of ‘free will’ and ‘choice’, hence he could not have been an angel. Satan could never have been an angel who became a fallen angel, and then a Jinn, since Allah’s creation does not change:

No change should there be in the creation of Allah. [Qur’an, 30:30]

Finally, the Qur’an concluded its lesson in methodology by repeating that the order to prostrate was given to the angels and that they all obeyed except Satan (Iblees), then proceeded to close the subject with the declaration that Satan was a Jinn:

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange. [Qur’an, 18:50]

The lesson that was taught was that a wrong methodology of studying a verse of the Qur’an (or a hadith of prophet Muhammad pbuh) in isolation can lead to error. This methodology of breaking up the Qur’an into pieces for convenience – either for the purpose of conveniently accepting a verse and rejecting another or studying the Qur’an  in isolation, was condemned in the Qur’an:

Just as We had revealed [scriptures] to the separators. Who have made the Qur’an into portions. So by your Lord, We will surely question them all About what they used to do. [Qur’an, 15:90-93]

Hence those who used the wrong methodology of studying a verse in isolation came to the conclusion that Satan was an angel who disobeyed the command of his Lord.

Why would Allah mention Satan didn’t bow even though He gave the order to the angels? In the beginning, Satan used to be very righteous. He strove hard and reached their level, and he used to worship Allah alongside angels. After having breathed soul into Adam pbuh, Allah commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam as a sign of honor. Although Satan was not an angel, he was included in the command to prostrate because he was striving to imitate the angels in their behaviour and deeds.

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