Refuting Contradictions in the Qur’an

There are many arguments put fourth against the authenticity of the Qur’an. One alleged contradiction propagated by CARM is “the Qur’an states that it is a perfect book preserved on tablets in heaven [Surah 85:21-22]. If the Qur’an is a perfect book from Allah, then there shouldn’t be any contradictions in it. Some of the contradictions below could be debated, but some of them are clearly contradictions.”

These are arguments we have all heard before. I have already refuted the majority of the alleged contradictions in previous articles so I will only address the following two:

What was man created from?

  1. “Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood” [96:2].
  2. “We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape [15:26].
  3. “The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was” [3:59].
  4. “But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing?” [19:67, Yusuf Ali] . Also, 52:35].
  5. “He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!” [16:4].

Is wine consumption good or bad?

  1. “Ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,–of Satan’s handwork: eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper” [5:90].
  2. “(Here is) a Parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised: in it are rivers of water incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine, a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits; and Grace from their Lord. (Can those in such Bliss) be compared to such as shall dwell forever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels (to pieces)?” [47:15].
  3. “Truly the Righteous will be in Bliss: On Thrones (of Dignity) will they command a sight (of all things): Thou wilt recognize in their faces the beaming brightness of Bliss. Their thirst will be slaked with Pure Wine sealed.” [83:22-25].

What was man created from: blood, clay, dust, or nothing?

The argument is that 19:67 says man was created from nothing, 96:2 says that man was created from a clot of blood, 21:30 says that man was created from water, 16:4 says that man was created from a sperm-drop, 15:26 says that man was created from clay and mud, 11:61 says that man was created from Earth.

Let’s look at ten different translations of the verse from Qur’


Nine out of the ten translations have “when they were nothing”, “while he was nothing,” but does not say that humans were created from nothing. The translations say that humans were nothing before Allah created them, and the first man He created was Adam pbuh.

But what about the Yusuf Ali translation?

“But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing? [19:67]

The Qur’an mentions the first stage of development of the human being:

And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay. Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging. Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators. Then indeed, after that you are to die. Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected. [Qur’an, 23:12-16]
Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him (i.e., the gift of) hearing and seeing. [Qur’an, 76:2] While He has created you in stages? [Qur’an, 71:14]

Allah does not say that humans were created out of nothing.

Is wine consumption good or bad?

First let me point out that there is no cancellation or abrogation of any verses in the Qur’an. The wrong methodology led to the false conclusion that a later verse on this subject cancelled an earlier verse.

The same fruit trees which produce intoxicating wine also produces wholesome food [16:67]. Allah clearly described heaven as a place where believers can enjoy wine innocently without the dangers of ever becoming addicts:

Is the description of Paradise, which the righteous are promised, wherein are rivers of water unaltered, rivers of milk the taste of which never changes, rivers of wine delicious to those who drink, and rivers of purified honey, in which they will have from all [kinds of] fruits and forgiveness from their Lord [Qur’an, 47:15

“They will be given to drink [pure] wine [which was] sealed.” [Qur’an, 83:25]

“Not so, however, Allah’s true servants; [in the hereafter,] theirs shall be a sustenance which they will recognize; as the fruits [of their life on earth]; and honored shall they be; in gardens of bliss: facing one another [in love] upon thrones of happiness; A cup will be passed round among them [with a drink] from unsullied springs: clear, delightful to those who drink it; no headiness will be in it, and they will not get intoxicated thereon.”

“…There will be circulated among them a cup [of wine] from a flowing spring. White and delicious to the drinkers; No bad effect is there in it, nor from it will they be intoxicated. [Qur’an, 37:40-48]

Here are some Quranic verses that at least discourage consumption of alcohol (in this world):

They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, “In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit.” [Qur’an, 2:219]
O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful. [Qur’an, 5:19]

It is pretty clear from these verses that the wine in heaven is a purified (halal) form of the intoxicating wine (haram) in today’s modern world.

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